NUMBER: 1 YEAR: 2019
Numero de Visitas: 434
Author: Fatima Peralta, Kinesiologist.
Pilates, benefits in older adults You are as young or as old as you feel. If your back is stiff at 30, then you are old. If you make it mobile and flexible at 60, then you'll still stay young." Joseph Hubertus Pilates 1883 – 1967
Before talking about Pilates and its benefits in older adults, we need to understand a little more about the method and why it is so effective.
Joseph Hubertus Pilates created a system of physical conditioning which he called Contrology and defined it in his book as: "the science and art of the coordinated development of the mind, body and spirit, through natural movements, under the strict control of of the will” (Pilates 1934, Pilates and Miller – 1945).
Pilates is a dynamic, symmetrical, low-impact, anaerobic physical training method where eccentric-type muscular work predominates (the muscle works in a state of elongation) emphasizing the strengthening of the abdominal muscles from depth to surface (power house-core ) and is always accompanied by conscious breathing.
It can be practiced on the floor (Pilates mat) and on specific machinery for the method, the most popular of which is the Reformer, a kind of stretcher with a fixed base and a mobile structure that has a system of pulleys connected to ropes that together to the springs and the weight of the student and/or patient offer assistance or resistance to movement, in the Reformer different positions can be adopted from the different decubitus, through sitting to standing.
The Pilates method has revolutionized the world of exercise due to its versatility and has begun to gain importance as a psycho-physical conditioning system for older adults, since after 65 years of age there is a progressive structural and functional loss of the body, balance, Mobility and strength are key neuromuscular parameters that are affected in a very important way, affecting autonomy and therefore quality of life.
It has been shown that the practice of exercise based on Pilates improves static and dynamic balance, muscle strength, flexibility, motor coordination and posture, improving these parameters significantly reduces the risk of falls, so frequent in this age group age (Smith and Smith 2005). Improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness are also seen.
Some additional benefits of Pilates reported by students and/or patients are increased energy, less difficulty in activities of daily living, improved sleep and greater body awareness. Women with urinary incontinence have reported notable improvements.
In summary, the practice of Pilates can be the ideal physical activity for older adults because it can be planned and adapted to the particular needs of this population, as long as it is carried out under the supervision of a qualified professional who handles the pathology and the particular needs. of each individual, currently many rehabilitation centers as well as older adults already have Pilates as a very important ally in rehabilitation, since its exercises work globally with functional movements and little impact.
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